What is eczema?

Eczema is a form of dermatitis, or inflammation of the upper layers of the skin. The term eczema is broadly applied to a range of persistent skin conditions. These include dryness and recurring skin rashes which are characterised by one or more of these symptoms: redness, skin edema, itching and dryness, crusting, flaking, blistering, cracking, oozing, or bleeding. Areas of temporary skin discoloration may appear and are sometimes due to healed lesions, although scarring is rare.

Common types of eczema

Atopic eczema (aka infantile e., flexural e., atopic dermatitis) is believed to have a hereditary component, and often runs in families whose members also have hay fever and asthma. Itchy rash is particularly noticeable on face and scalp, neck, inside of elbows, behind knees, and buttocks. Experts are urging doctors to be more vigilant in weeding out cases that are, in actuality, irritant contact dermatitis. It is very common in developed countries, and rising. 

Contact dermatitis is of two types: allergic (resulting from a delayed reaction to some allergen, such as poison ivy or nickel), and irritant (resulting from direct reaction to a solvent, for example). Some substances act both as allergen and irritant (e.g. wet cement). Other substances cause a problem after sunlight exposure, bringing on phototoxic dermatitis. About three quarters of cases of contact eczema are of the irritant type, which is the most common occupational skin disease. Contact eczema is curable provided the offending substance can be avoided, and its traces removed from one’s environment. 

Xerotic eczema (aka asteatotic e., e. craquele or craquelatum, winter itch, pruritus hiemalis) is dry skin that becomes so serious it turns into eczema. It worsens in dry winter weather, and limbs and trunk are most often affected. The itchy, tender skin resembles a dry, cracked, river bed. This disorder is very common among the older population. Ichthyosis is a related disorder. 

Seborrhoeic dermatitis (aka cradle cap in infants, dandruff) causes dry or greasy scaling of the scalp and eyebrows. Scaly pimples and red patches sometimes appear in various adjacent places. In newborns it causes a thick, yellow crusty scalp rash called cradle cap which seems related to lack of biotin, and is often curable.

Less common types of eczema

Dyshidrosis (aka dyshidrotic e., pompholyx, vesicular palmoplantar dermatitis, housewife’s eczema) only occurs on palms, soles, and sides of fingers and toes. Tiny opaque bumps called vesicles, thickening, and cracks are accompanied by itching which gets worse at night. A common type of hand eczema, it worsens in warm weather. 

Discoid eczema (aka nummular e., exudative e., microbial e.) is characterised by round spots of oozing or dry rash, with clear boundaries, often on lower legs. It is usually worse in winter. Cause is unknown, and the condition tends to come and go. 

Venous eczema (aka gravitational e., stasis dermatitis, varicose e.) occurs in people with impaired circulation, varicose veins and edema, and is particularly common in the ankle area of people over 50. There is redness, scaling, darkening of the skin and itching. The disorder predisposes to leg ulcers. 

Dermatitis herpetiformis (aka Duhring’s Disease) causes intensely itchy and typically symmetrical rash on arms, thighs, knees, and back. It is directly related to celiac disease and can often be put into remission with appropriate diet. 

Neurodermatitis (aka lichen simplex chronicus, localised scratch dermatitis) is an itchy area of thickened, pigmented eczema patch that results from habitual rubbing and scratching. Usually there is only one spot. Often curable through behaviour modification and anti-inflammatory medication. Prurigo nodularis is a related disorder showing multiple lumps. 

Autoeczematization (aka id reaction, autosensitization) is an eczematous reaction to an infection with parasites, fungi, bacteria or viruses. It is completely curable with the clearance of the original infection that caused it. The appearance varies depending on the cause. It always occurs some distance away from the original infection. 

There are also eczemas overlaid by viral infections (e. herpeticum, e. vaccinatum), and eczemas resulting from underlying disease (e.g. lymphoma). Eczemas originating from ingestion of medications, foods, and chemicals, have not yet been clearly systematised. Other rare eczematous disorders exist in addition to those listed here.

How does Snugglepaws clothing work?

Snugglepaws clothing is a carefully thought out idea that works by covering the hands and feet to prevent your child from using their fingers and nails to scratch and cause grazes to their skin.  Of course it is natural to relieve an itch, and Snugglepaws clothing will still allow your child to rub their hands and feet but with a much reduced damage to the skin itself.  Without protective intervention, it becomes a concern when your child scratches open skin which can become exposed to bacteria and infection.  By protecting skin and preventing scratching, the coverage concept helps to break down the itch/scratch cycle, by guarding against infection and allowing the skin to heal. 

What is Oeko-Tex standard 100?

All of our Snugglepaws garments are made of certified Oeko-Tex cotton, which means that the fabric has been tested and are free from harmful chemicals, whilst being produced in an environmentally friendly process.  Our garments have also been fire risk certified.  

Why 100% cotton?

100% cotton is a natural fabric that keeps the body temperature regulated unlike synthetic and man-made fabrics.  

Snugglepaws garment care

Wash inside out at 60 degrees celsius in non-biological powder without conditioner and then cool tumble dry.  You can help prolong the quality of the garments by placing them in a washing net bag if using a washing machine.  Cotton clothing is prone to bobbling, however this can be reduced by using an electric lint/fluff remover which can be purchased from retail stores online or on the high street.  

What size?

It is best to purchase your garment to the nearest size to your baby/child's age and not be tempted to buy a "grow into size". The garments need to be of a moderate fit and not too big. For more information please take a look at the sizing page.

When will you post my goods?

Credit and debit card payments are instant and goods are scheduled for dispatch once payment is cleared.

What happens if you are out of stock when I place an order?

If we are temporarily out of stock we will contact you immediately.